Immunity guidelines for Afghan journalists

Afghanistan is one of the most dangerous countries for journalists. Based on the information published by Reporters Without Borders in 2016, after Syria, Afghanistan was the most dangerous country for journalists this year. In 2016, 14 journalists and media workers lost their lives in Afghanistan. In this year, about 150 violent incidents against journalists and media workers have been recorded by the supporting organizations and trade unions of Afghan journalists.

From January to October 2017, the safety situation of media journalists has not improved, and based on the statistics released by Afghan journalists’ support organizations and unions, the number of violence against journalists has increased significantly. In the report of the first six months of 2017, the Committee for the Protection of Afghan Journalists recorded 73 cases of violence against journalists and media workers in the country, among which 10 cases were murders of journalists. Ama Nei / the supporter of Afghanistan’s free media, recorded 95 cases of violence against media journalists in ten months of 2017, of which 11 were murders.

Insecurity and the spread of terrorist attacks, the weakness of law enforcement institutions, the presence of groups engaged in organized crime or drug trafficking, the land grabbing mafia, agents of administrative corruption, the presence of local strongmen and the influence of religious conservatives are the main reasons. The existence and increase of violence against journalists and media workers in Afghanistan are considered. In addition to the lack of life immunity for journalists and media workers in Afghanistan, ensuring gender immunity is also one of the main concerns and challenges of the journalism profession in this country.

Female journalists in Afghanistan are faced with gender bias and sexual harassment in the workplace, in addition to the lack of personal safety. Along with the other efforts that have been mentioned to solve the problems, it is necessary to develop a guideline that can raise the awareness of journalists and media workers in the field of how they can take measures to ensure their personal, occupational and gender safety or from It is considered a major necessity for managers and operators of their media to take the necessary measures. The National Union of Journalists of Afghanistan, using domestic and foreign sources, compiled and published a guide in this field, which is expected to be used by journalists and media workers with its wide distribution.

Previously, similar guidelines have been distributed by domestic and foreign institutions, which were actually compiled by international institutions supporting freedom of expression and journalists and media; But since the audience was journalists from all over the world, in some cases, the specific details that Afghan journalists need were not addressed, and sometimes, there were issues in it that due to the time and place conditions in which Afghan journalists They are active, it does not hurt. In this guide, we try to discuss all the issues with the main audience (journalists and media employees of Afghanistan).

This guide is designed in such a way that every journalist or media employee can easily carry it with them. which is funded by the “media” in cooperation with the Internews office, within the framework of the International Cooperation Agency of the United States of America, prepared and made available to journalists and media workers in Afghanistan. For more information, you can refer to the PDF file below.

رهنمای مصوونیت برای خبرنگاران افغانستان