Professional ethics guidelines for journalists

Key ethical principles for journalists
These guidelines are derived from the “Ethical Principles” of the Association of Professional Journalists 1, the Canadian Journalists Association 2 Ethical Guidelines and the Draft Ethical Principles in Afghanistan. This document is not a set of rules but rather a guideline to encourage journalists to Consider the media to which it belongs, take responsibility for the information it provides. The search for facts and the reporting of that ethical journalism must be accurate and fair. Journalists must act honestly and boldly in collecting, reporting and interpreting information.
Journalists must:
✓ Take responsibility for the accuracy and correctness of their work. Ensure the correctness and accuracy of the information before publishing it. Use primary sources as much as possible.
✓ Remember that speed is not the reason for inaccuracy.
✓ Do accurate imaging. Pay special attention so that the report has an accurate perspective or avoid oversimplification in retelling, depicting or summarizing. During all stages of report preparation – detailed information is collected, updated and corrected.
✓ Make commitments carefully and stick to their commitments.
✓ Clearly identify their sources of information. People
They have the right to access information as much as possible in order to judge the accuracy and motivation of information sources.
✓ Carefully consider the motive of requesting the confidentiality of the identity of the source. Respect the confidentiality of the identity of information sources in case of danger, retaliation or damage to the source of information that cannot be obtained from other sources. Explain how to respect the confidentiality of the identity of the source.
✓ Allow the source of the news coverage and the interviewees to respond to the criticisms and accusations.
✓ Collecting information and preparing reports in secret ways should be avoided until it is not possible to collect information in accepted ways to inform the people.
✓ Care should be taken in bringing influential people (authorities of power) to account. Voices of silenced and rejected people should be heard by the main audience.
✓ The free and civil exchange of ideas should be supported even if it is not accepted by them.
✓ Recognize and implement the responsibility of monitoring the affairs of the people and the government. Ensuring the implementation of public affairs transparently, and all public documents must be made available to the public.
✓ If necessary, access to the main information source should be provided.
✓ The content of news, images and videos should not be tampered with.
✓ Boldly report the diversity and breadth of human experiences. Information should be obtained from sources whose voices are rarely heard or are marginalized.
✓ Labeling should be avoided. Journalists should be aware that their values ​​and experiences can shape their reporting method.
✓ Distinguish the difference between news and advertisements. Avoid participating in advertising activities directly and indirectly and do not jeopardize the principles of transparency and credibility of the profession.
✓ Provide the information with reference to the source. Mention the source of information adaptation.
Harm Minimization Ethical journalism treats sources, interviewees, colleagues, and community members as human beings who deserve to be respected.

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